Did you know that
Sulina or the place… ”where the old Danube loses its water and its name in the Sea…” Bart - Europolis.
It is a unique and unique place where the sweet waters of the Danube embrace the salty sea of the sea in perfect and continuous fusion. It is a mixture of reeds and waters in the midst of which a sandy language that people have developed through their life skills and everyday activities.
Sulina is a suitable place for relaxation, many tourists come here during the warm season, both for the beach, for fishing and for some quiet and contemplative moments in pure nature.
Sulina is located in the Danube Delta, near the Black Sea spill of the arm that bears the same name. It is the most eastern locality in Romania, being situated on the most "fresh" European soil. It is one of the oriental gates of the country, being the last one located along the Danube course. It also has a unique quality, being the only port city in the country, both on the Danube and the Black Sea.
It stretches over about 3,9 kilometers and is located along the Danube River, the settlements being concentrated more on the right bank.
After the last 2011 census, the Sulina population was 3541 inhabitants.
The name of the settlement was first mentioned in the 950 year as "Selina" in "De Administrando Imperio" written by Constantine the Vth Porphyrogenet. Later, the town's name appears in different forms: Selinas and Solina (in Anne Comnena's writings). Sulina is located on the first nautical map of the Black Sea, written by the Italian Pietro Visconti during 1320-1321, later appearing on various cartographic materials and under various names.
In the mid-eighteenth century in the 1745 year, a lighthouse was built to solve the guiding problems faced by seafarers in an attempt to enter the Sulina arm. At the end of the eighteenth century there is the problem of regularizing the mouth of the Sulina branch due to the problems of the small waters in the area of the sea. In the events of history, Sulina becomes more and more important because the great powers at that time (the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire) were claiming Sulina and implicitly the mouth of the arm in the sea, having And some armed conflicts.
The General Secretariat of the European Commission of the Danube (CED) is set up in Sulina in 1856, which was responsible for the development of navigation and commerce on the Danube. After all the historical events that happened, around 1860, the city was quite well established. Later, the harbor is built and the old lighthouse in 1870 is rebuilt to ensure safer navigation. Since 1878 year, Sulina has become a Romanian city after a long period in which it was either the Turks, the Russians or the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Another important event in Sulina's life was the cutting of the great "M" of the Danube and the inauguration of the navigation channel in 1894, followed by a period of increased traffic of goods and passengers. The city has not escaped the bombing of the two world wars, both in 1916 and 1941 and 1944 (when the city was destroyed over 50%). Its reconstruction starts with 1955 under the direction of Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, because during the years 60-70 will develop from all points of view.
In October, 1977 Sulina witnesses a remarkable event, a visit to the Calypso, led by the famous explorer Jacques Yves Cousteau, who anchors here on his way to the Bosphorus Strait.
After the 2000 year there is an intensification of tourism and, implicitly, a revival of the city, today being one of the most preferred locations in the Danube Delta, both by Romanian tourists and by numerous tourists from abroad.